SDI-12 USB adapter with larger terminals

After some design and prototyping, now I have a newer version of the SDI-12 USB adapter that features larger 3.5mm terminals. The original 2.54mm terminals can accommodate 18AWG wires and the new 3.5mm terminals can accommodate 16AWG wires. I’ve never seen sensor wires that thick although you could get some really thick wires from AC adapters. The bigger terminals makes installing wires easier with the additional spacing between pins, besides they accept slightly thicker wires. The screws are also slightly bigger, making the terminals sturdier. I have to make the terminals overhang a millimeter or so to fit them on the same board edges. I’ve kept the 2.54mm terminals for the optional analog and digital input terminals on the top edge. I moved the power selector to fit the larger terminals on the left. Otherwise, the height of the terminals is the same as before and you won’t notice a difference unless you look carefully. For example, I no longer have a 3-pole terminal for the external power. Instead, I have a 2-pole terminal to save space. Here are some photos:

The new prototype held diagonally in my hand. I had the board printed in black matte instead of regular black glossy. This has made part placement and inspection easier since there is no longer a glare from the glossy surface. Besides the terminals, I also added a footprint for the transceiver and a solder jumper. Most people will not need a transceiver. I’ve tested my adapters without this added transceiver with cable up to 100ft (30m) without visible signal degradation. You only need it if you have a total data cable length significantly greater than 100ft(30m).

Here is a side view photo of the prototype:

Here are some comparisons between the current version (top) and the new prototype (bottom):

Since the spacing is no longer 2.54mm, like the pin headers, I will have to make a header for testing with SDI-12 sensors after assembly. I also need to find proper source to buy the larger terminals in quantity, and print out more than a handful of boards. It will take a while before I am ready to sell these in my stores.

I have also designed a 3.5mm version of the SDI-12 + Analog USB adapter but haven’t built a prototype yet. It should look the same as the basic adapter though.

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